Learn English for Development and Progress     


Members of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes should learn and adopt English as a language for their day-to-day functioning. It sounds highly impossible, but this is what Dr. Ambedkar had also envisioned this long back. Majority of his writings are in English. He once said, in his response to a news reporter, that, the day will come when his people will be able to read and understand him. India is a highly populated country with limited resources. Getting opportunities for good earning and good respectable living will always be a challenge. Knowledge of English opens up gates to different parts of the world. Socially, in India, a person with fairly good knowledge of English receives more respect. Also, for moving between states, the knowledge of English gives an added advantage. Knowledge of English will provide an extra edge over other fellow citizens and our people will be able to make better use of Government and Legal systems which primarily works in English.

History of English (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language)

English is a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family, with its earliest forms spoken by the inhabitants of early medieval England. It is named after the Angles, one of the ancient Germanic peoples that migrated to the island of Great Britain. Existing on a dialect continuum with Scots, and then most closely related to the Low German and Frisian languages. English is genealogically West German. However, its vocabulary also shows major influences from French and Latin, plus some grammar and a small amount of core vocabulary influenced by Old Norse (a North Germanic language) Speaker of English are called Anglophones.

The earliest forms of English, collectively known as Old English evolved from a group of West Germanic (Ingvaeonic) dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th Century and further mutated by Norse-speaking Viking settlers starting in the 8th and 9th centuries. Middle English began in the late 11th century after the Norman Conquest of England, when considerable Old French and Latin-derived vocabulary was incorporated into English over some three hundred years. Early modern English began in the late 15th century with the start of the Great Vowel Shift and the Renaissance trend of borrowing further Latin and Greek words and roots into English, concurrent with the introduction of the printing press to London. This era notably culminated in the King James Bible and plays of William Shakespeare.

Modern English grammar is the result of a gradual change from a typical Indo-European dependent-marking pattern, with a rich inflectional morphology and relatively free word order, to a mostly analytic pattern with little inflection, and fairly fixed subject-verb word order. Modern English relies more on auxiliary verbs and word order for the expression of complex tenses, aspect and mood, as well as passive constructions, interrogatives and some negation.

Pluricentric English

English is a Pluricentric language, which means that no one national authority sets the standard for use of the language. The norms of standard written English are maintained purely by the consensus of educated English-speakers around the world, without any oversight by any government or international organiation.

Why learn English?

Modern English has spread around the world since the 17th century as a consequence of the worldwide influence of the British Empire and the United States of America. Through all types of printed and electronic media of these countries, English has become the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca (bridge language) in many regions and professional contexts such as science, navigation and law. English is the most spoken language in the world and the third-most spoken native language in the world, after Standard Chinese and Spanish. It is the most widely learned second language and is either the official language or one of the official languages in 59 sovereign states. There are more people who have learned English as a second language than there are native speakers. As of 2005, it was estimated that there were over 2 billion speakers of English. English is the majority native language in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the Republic of Ireland, and is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania. It is a co-official language of the United Nations, the European Union and many other world and regional international organizations. It is the most widely spoken Germanic language, accounting for at least 70% of speakers of this Indo-European branch.

English has ceased to be an “English language” in the sense of belonging only to people who are ethnically English. Use of English is growing country-by-country internally and for international communication.

Most people learn English for practical rather than ideological reasons.

English language among many Indians have gone from associating it with colonialism to associating it with economic progress, and English continues to be an official language of India.

English is also widely used in media and literature, and the number of English language books published annually in India is the third largest in the world after the US and UK.

A working knowledge of English has become a requirement in a number of occupations and professions such as medicine and computing.